Compare ISO 9001 + ISO 14001 + OHSAS 18001

OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management System was intentionally developed to be compatible with the ISO 9001 (Quality) and ISO 14001 (Environmental) management systems standards for easier integration of quality, environmental and occupational health & safety management systems by organizations. OHSAS 18001 outlines requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system, to enable an organization to control its OH&S risks and improve its performance. Like ISO 14001, it does NOT state performance criteria or dictate the design of a management system.

Integrating an IMS can be more effective and efficient than maintaining individual systems. Whichever method you choose, here is some information:

Integration Options

There are three primary options the organization must choose between:

  1. Maintaining two separate systems (9001 and 14001/18001)
  2. Partially integrated systems
  3. Fully integrated systems

We offer six versions of the Documentation Package to simplify the process for organizations that already have other management systems (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, etc.) in place or want to deal with more than one standard at a time. We also offer a completely integrated manual.

Learn more about which version is best for you.

Compare ISO 9001-14001-18001

There are seven common elements in ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001:

  1. Structure and responsibility
  2. Training, awareness and competence
  3. Document control
  4. Records
  5. Corrective and preventive action
  6. Internal audits
  7. Management review

An IMS takes advantage of these common elements and implementation of 14001 and 18001 is simplified into an existing ISO 9001 certified organization.

ISO 14000 & 18000 are very similar to each other but differ from ISO 9001:

  • Structure
    • ISO 14000 and 18000 contains four clauses with six elements
    • ISO 9001 contains five clauses with twenty-three elements
  • Despite a common systems approach, they differ in content.
  • In addition, ISO 14000 contains the following unique requirements:
    • Environmental Aspects and Impacts (4.3.1)
    • Legal and Other Requirements (4.3.2)
    • Environmental Programs (4.3.4)
    • Communication (4.4.3)
    • Emergency Preparedness and Response (4.4.7)

More Comparisons between ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001

ISO 9001 is a Quality Management System (QMS) which gives organizations a systematic approach for meeting customer objectives.

ISO 14001 is an Environmental Management System (EMS) which provides a system for measuring and improving an organization’s environmental impact.

OHSAS 18001 is an Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS)which provides a system for measuring and improving an organization’s health and safety impact.

One important difference between OHSAS 18001, ISO 14001 and other international standards is that an organization can self-declare their compliance. Learn More

Because ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 are very similar, the management systems can be effectively combined, integrated and a self-declaration made (a cost savings option).

To train your personnel and help your project along, you may want to consider our resources:

Comparison table of ISO 9001-14001-OHSAS 18001

9001-14001-18001 Download a FREE more detailed document which compares ISO 9001 to 14001 and 18001

ISO 9001:2015 ISO 14001:2015 OHSAS 18001:2007
 Introduction  Introduction  Introduction
0.1 General 0.1 Background
0.2 Quality management principles 0.2 Aim of an environmental management system
0.3 Process approach 0.3 Success factors
0.3.1 General 0.4 Plan-D0-Check-Act model
0.3.2 Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle 0.5 Contents of this international standard
0.3.3 Risk-based thinking
0.4 Relationship with other management standards
1 Scope 1 Scope 1 Scope
2 Normative references 2 Normative references 2 Reference publications
3 Terms and definitions 3 Terms and definitions 3 Terms and definitions
4 Context of the organization 4 Context of the organization 4 OH&S management system requirements
4.1 Understanding the organization and its context 4.1 Understanding the organization and its context 4.1 General requirements
4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties 4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties
4.3 Determining the scope of the quality management system 4.3 Determining the scope of the environmental management system
4.4 Quality management system and its processes 4.4 Environmental management system
4.4.1 .. Establish, implement, maintain and continually improve ..
4.4.2 .. Maintain documented information ..
5 Leadership 5 Leadership
5.1 Leadership and commitment 5.1 Leadership and commitment
5.1.1 General
5.1.2 Customer focus
5.2 Policy 5.2 Environmental policy 4.2 OH&S policy
5.2.1 Establishing the quality policy
5.2.2 Communicating the quality policy
5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities 5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities 4.4.1 Resources, roles, responsibility and authority
6 Planning 6 Planning 4.3 Planning
6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities 6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities 4.3.1 Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Determining controls.
6.1.1 .. Consider issues of 4.1 and requirements of 4.2 .. 6.1.1 General
6.1.2 .. Actions to address risks and opportunities 6.1.2 Environmental aspects
6.1.3 Compliance obligations 4.3.2 Legal and other requirements
6.1.4 Planning action
6.2 Quality objectives and planning to achieve them 6.2 Environmental objectives and planning to achieve them 4.3.3 Objectives, targets and programs
6.2.1 .. Quality objectives at relevant functions .. 6.2.1 Environmental objectives
6.2.2 .. Determine what, who, when, how .. 6.2.2 Planning actions to achieve environmental objectives
6.3 Planning of changes
7 Support 7 Support 4.4 Implementation and operation
7.1 Resources 7.1 Resources 4.4.1 Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability and authority
7.1.1 General
7.1.2 People
7.1.3 Infrastructure
7.1.4 Environment for the operation of processes
7.1.5 Monitoring and measuring resources * 9.1.1 Operational control – Monitoring, measuring equipment *4.5.1 Operational control – Monitoring, measuring equipment
7.1.5.1 General
7.1.5.2 Measurement traceability
7.1.6 Organizational knowledge
7.2 Competence 7.2 Competence 4.4.2 Competence, training and awareness
7.3 Awareness 7.3 Awareness 4.4.2 Competence, training and awareness
7.4 Communication 7.4 Communication 4.4.3 Communication, participation and consultation
7.4.1 General 4.4.3.1 Communication
7.4.2 Internal communication 4.4.3.2 Participation and consultation
7.4.3 External communication
7.5 Documented information 7.5 Documented information 4.4.4 Documentation
7.5.1 General 7.5.1 General
7.5.2 Creating and updating 7.5.2 Creating and updating
7.5.3 Control of documented information 7.5.3 Control of documented information 4.4.5 Control of documents
7.5.3.1 .. Documented information controlled .. 4.5.4 Control of records
7.5.3.2 .. Activities for control of information ..
8 Operation 8 Operation 4.4 Implementation and operation
8.1 Operational planning and control 8.1 Operational planning and control 4.4.6 Operational control
8.2 Requirements for products and services 8.2 Emergency preparedness and response 4.4.7 Emergency preparedness and response
8.2.1 Customer communication
8.2.2 Determining the requirements for products and services
8.2.3 Review of the requirements for products and services
8.2.3.1 .. Ensure ability to meet requirements ..
8.2.3.2 .. Retain documented information ..
8.2.4 Changes to requirements for products and services
8.3 Design and development of products and services *8.1 Operational control – Design and development *4.4.6 Operational control – Design and devevelopment
8.3.1 General
8.3.2 Design and development planning
8.3.3 Design and development inputs
8.3.4 Design and development controls
8.3.5 Design and development outputs
8.3.6 Design and development changes
8.4 Control of externally provided processes, products and services *8.1 Operational control- External providers *4.4.6 Operational control – External providers
8.4.1 General
8.4.2 Type and extent of control
8.4.3 Information for external providers
8.5 Production and service provision
8.5.1 Control of production and service provision *8.1 Operational control-Provision of production and service 4.4.6 Operational control – Provision of production and service
8.5.2 Identification and traceability
8.5.3 Property belonging to customers or external providers
8.5.4 Preservation
8.5.5 Post-delivery activities *8.1 Operational control – Delivery and post delivery *4.4.6 Operational control – Delivery and post delivery
8.5.6 Control of changes
8.6 Release of products and services
8.7 Control of nonconforming outputs
9 Performance evaluation 9 Performance evaluation 4.5 Checking
9.1 Monitoring measurement, analysis and evaluation 9.1 Monitoring measurement, analysis and evaluation 4.5.1 Performance measuring and monitoring
9.1.1 General 9.1.1 General
9.1.2 Customer satisfaction
9.1.3 Analysis and evaluation 9.1.2 Evaluation of compliance 4.5.2 Evaluation of compliance
9.2 Internal audit 9.2 Internal audit 4.5.5 Internal audit
9.2.1 .. Conduct internal audits at planned intervals .. 9.2.1 General
9.2.2 .. Plan, establish, implement and maintain audit program .. 9.2.2 Internal audit program
9.3 Management review 9.3 Management review 4.6 Management review
9.3.1 General
9.3.2 Management review inputs
9.3.3 Management review outputs
10 Improvement 10 Improvement
10.1 General 10.1 General
10.2 Nonconformity and corrective action 10.2 Nonconformity and corrective action 4.5.3 Incident investigation, nonconformity, corrective and preventive action
10.2.1 .. When a nonconformity occurs .. 4.5.3.1 Incident investigation
10.2.2 .. Retain documented information .. 4.5.3.2 Nonconformity, corrective and  preventive action
10.3 Continual improvement 10.3 Continual improvement

 

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