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Compare ISO 9001 to ISO 14001

How does ISO 14001 compare to ISO 9001?

ISO 9001 is a Quality Management System (QMS) which gives organizations a systematic approach for meeting customer objectives (providing consistent quality). FREE ISO 9001 Tutorial on 18000store.com

ISO 14001 is an Environmental Management System (EMS) which gives organizations a systematic approach for measuring and improving their environmental impact. FREE ISO 14001 Tutorial on 14000store.com

ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 share a similar Plan-Do-Check-Act structure and have many similarities, but they do not directly align clause for clause. The products are available for all stages of QMS and/or EMS development, including:

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ISO 9001 - ISO 14001 Common Requirements

ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 similarities are highlighted in red in the comparison chart (below):

  • Documented Systems (manual and procedures) on how you plan to achieve improvement
  • Control Documents and Records, etc.
  • Training
  • Internal Auditing
  • Corrective/Preventive action
  • management review

ISO 9001 to ISO 14001 share several requirements and the goal of continual improvement, but also differ in their approach and degree of prescription. Review “Combine ISO 9001-14001” to view the common clauses.

Differences between ISO 9001-ISO 14001

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ISO 9001 to 14001 Comparison

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  • Clause Structure (see 9001-14001 comparison chart below)
  • Environmental planning is more entailed than quality planning
  • Compliance to local/state/provincial/federal requirements (EPA in the US)
  • Objectives & Targets as part of environmental management
  • Emergency preparedness and response.
  • Management‘s responsibilities are more extensive under ISO 14001
  • Environmental policy
  • Environmental aspects
  • Establishment of an external communication procedure

ISO 14001 is less prescriptive: There is no set “benchmark” to rate the performance of your organization against others.

  • Customers have specific requirements for your product or service, so ISO 9001 helps you improve results against their expectations.
  • However, every organization impacts the environment differently, so ISO 14001 does not have a “level” you must meet. You can only measure your environmental impact as a snapshot on a given day, then improve it from there.

One important difference between ISO 14001 and other ISO standards is that an organization can self-declare their compliance. Learn More...

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Red = Shared Requirement ISO 14001:2004 OHSAS 18001:2007 ISO 9001:2008
General Requirements 4.1 4.1 4.1
Policy 4.2 4.2 5.3
Environmental Aspects 4.3.1 - -
Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Determining Controls - 4.3.1 -
Legal and other Requirements 4.3.2 4.3.2 -
Objectives, Targets and Programs 4.3.3 4.3.3 5.4.1, 5.4.2
Resources, Roles, Responsibility, (Accountability) and Authority 4.4.1 4.4.1 5.5.1, 5.5.2, 6.1
Competence, Training and Awareness 4.4.2 4.4.2 6.2.1, 6.2.2
Communication 4.4.3 4.4.3.1 5.5.3
Participation and consultation - 4.4.3.2 -
Documentation 4.4.4 4.4.4 4.2.1, 4.2.2
Control of Documents 4.4.5 4.4.5 4.2.3
Operational Control 4.4.6 4.4.6 -
Emergency Preparedness and Response 4.4.7 4.4.7 -
Monitoring and Measurement 4.5.1 4.5.1 7.6, 8.2.3, 8.2.4
Evaluation of Compliance 4.5.2 4.5.2 -
Incident Investigation - 4.5.3.1 -
Nonconformity, Corrective Action and Preventive Action 4.5.3 4.5.3.2 8.5.2, 8.5.3
Control of Records 4.5.4 4.5.4 4.2.4
Internal Audit 4.5.5 4.5.5 8.2.2
Management Review 4.6 4.6 5.6